Put simply, the clutch is the mechanical device which transfers the rotational power from the engine to the wheels in any manual vehicle.
The clutch is part of the car which is subjected to friction on a near constant basis which means that there are many ways in which it can wear out or become damaged.
To allow the car to both change speed and to come to a complete stop without turning off the engine, the connection between the wheels and the engine needs to be temporarily broken. There are two main parts to your clutch, the clutch plate and the flywheel. If your foot is not pressing down on the clutch pedal, there are a set of springs which keep a pressure plate pushed up against the clutch plate.
The pressure from the springs also pushes the clutch plate up against the fly wheel. This connects the engine to the shaft which transfers motion to the wheels, and makes the two turn at the same time.
This design allows you to disengage the wheels from the engine in order to change gear, allowing drivers to have a great amount of control over the speed of their car.
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